JKUAT Web Based Extension Services

JKUAT, through the Directorate of Extension and Technology Transfer, has supported a number of platforms to disseminate and promote adoption of technologies and research findings for enhanced community development. Such platforms include:

  • Participation in Agricultural Society of Kenya shows (NITF and Nyeri show)
  • JKUAT students Tech- Expo
  •  JKUAT open day
  •  TV and radio programs
  •  Demo farm
  •  Short courses
  •  School visits

This web based extension service is an addition to the avenues the University uses in contributing to the social and economic development of Kenya.

System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
SRI is a set of practices for growing paddy rice using less water, yet results in increased yields and grain quality. SRI has many other benefits, including reduced inputs, use of less seeds, lower production costs, uses less water, as well as environmental benefits like eradication of mosquito breeding in paddies and increase in net incomes from rice production.
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Other Links: http://sri.ciifad.cornell.edu/countries/kenya/KenyaArchives.html
Kenyans Want More Rice
The demand for rice in Kenya continues soar as more Kenyans show progressive changes in their eating habits, coupled with urbanization. Rice is currently the third most important cereal crop after maize and wheat. The national rice consumption is estimated at 300,000 metric tons compared to an annual production range of 45,000 to 80,000 metric tons. The deficit is met through imports, valued at Ksh.7 billion in 2008. Moreover, rice is currently the most expensive cereal (of any grain) in the country, retailing at about Ksh.120-200/kg. The annual national consumption of rice is increasing at a rate of 12%, as compared to 4% for wheat and 1% for maize. Thus, rice is set to become the main food cereal in the near future.
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Other Links:
http://sri.ciifad.cornell.edu/countries/kenya/KenyaBancyGDLNVC091109.pdf
http://imawesa.info/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/IMAWESA-Training-Manual-5-SRI-Notes.pdf
System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Africa: A Win-Win Technology with Multiple Benefits for Farmers and Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Demand for rice is increasing with growing populations, urbanization and changing culinary habits. All the countries in Africa are net importers of rice and rice yields are low, less than 3 t/ha (potential can be to 15 t/ha). Traditional agronomic practices also result in low productivity of rice. Rice grown under fully flooded paddies utilizing too much water (3,000 -5,000 litres/kg of grain) and does not achieve optimum productivity fully flooded paddies become habitats for water borne disease vectors. Water scarcity is a major problem in many parts of Africa, even within irrigation schemes which practice conventional rice farming in the face of climate change.
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Other Links: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/tci/pdf/Investment_Days_2013/17_December/1c._System_of_Rice_Intensification__SRI__-_Selvaraju.pdf
http://www.agrecol.de/dokumente/SRI-Water-Reduce-Paper.pdf
Participatory Assessment and Promoting Fog Harvesting For Drinking Water In The Ngong Hills
Fog harvesting is an innovative technology based on the fact that water can be collected from fogs under favourable climatic conditions. The small water droplets present in the fog precipitate when they come in contact with objects. The fog has the potential to provide an alternative source of freshwater if harvested through the use of simple and low-cost collection systems known as fog collectors. Present research suggests that fog collectors could supply water for multiple uses in mountainous areas should the water present in stratocumulus clouds, at altitudes of approximately 400 m to 1,200 m and winds between 3 – 12 m/s and with no obstructions to wind flow. Fog can also be harvested in coastal areas where the fog moves inland driven by the wind. The water in fog is harvested through simple systems known as fog collectors.
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Other Links:
http://www.voanews.com/content/fog-collector-transforming-maasai-water-harvesting-in-kenya/1959688.html
http://www.ru.ac.za/static/institutes/iwr/SANCIAHS/2012/documents/039_Olivier.pdf
http://academeresearchjournals.org/journal/ijps
What You Need to Know About Waterlogging in Agricultural Lands: Training Notes by Prof. B.M. Mati
Its that time of the year again. The rains are pouring and the water seems to be going nowhere. Indeed the land is all soaked up and water is just rising up! People are forced to abandon their homes, while in the farms, crops are sinking under the water and some are dying out. Recognizing the symptoms of a problem is one thing. But understanding the problem and why it occurs is the first step towards knowing how to solve it.
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http://www.jkuat.ac.ke/departments/warrec/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/What-you-need-to-know-about-Waterlogging1.pdf
http://www.jkuat.ac.ke/departments/warrec/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/What-you-need-to-know-about-Waterlogging1.pdf
Urban Rainwater Harvesting Including Water Conservation and Lake Management in Kenya
Kenya has 42.1 billion cu.m of renewable surface water resources, average annual runoff of 26.7 billion cu.m, 21.5 billion cu.m of safe ground water (54% is in shared basins) and average annual rainfall: 679 mm/yr High rainfall variability ranging from 250 mm/year in Garissa to over 2,000 mm on Mt. Kenya Water demand is 3.2 billion cu.m . Only about 30% of the population have piped water (2009). Kenya is Water Scarce – meaning Per capita water availability = (Total fresh water/total population). Per capita water was 647 m3 in 2000, dropped to 502 m3 in 2012 and will be 235 m3 by 2025. The demand for water in Nairobi is 340,000 m3/day, and expected to reach over 1 million m3/day by 2030 Mt. Kenya had 18 glaciers in 1900 but now it has only 7. Kenya has experienced serious droughts since 1970s and effects of climate change are evident
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Multi-frequency Reservoir Survey Project
WARREC is implementing a project entitled ‘ Water Shed Management and Reservoir Sedimentation Assessment in Ruiru dam in collaboration with Nairobi Water and Sewerage Company NCWSC).The Ruiru dam supplies Kabete Water works whose capacity is 21,000m3/day and contributes approximately 4% of Nairobi’s current water supply. Rapid sedimentation is a threat to the useful life hence the need for the assessment. The project aims at determining the current volume of the reservoir and recover sediment cores using vibro coring systems and determine their physico-chemical characteristics.
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How technology can reduce the gap between youth and agriculture
Arrival of mobile phones helped to increase the communication among farmers to anticipate and solve problem related to production. In Kenya dairy farmers have used CC TV to monitor their zero-grazing units, webcams have been used to monitor cattle remotely in many parts of the world, set-up of high speed internet favouring the realization of data transmission networks is a notable mile stone, etc.
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Successful Young Entrepreneurs Attracted to Farming by Social Media
Power of networking: Read a story of a successful young entrepreneurs who was attracted to farming by social media. Be it through media, calls or meetings, shared information has the power to transform.
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Hydroponic Gardening – Grow Organic Plants Fast
Hydroponics: Hydroponics is simply the process of growing plants without the use of soil. Instead, plants can be physically supported by other means and fed with a nutrient solution. Cultures worldwide have been using this method of agriculture for thousands of years.
Proper Nutrients are added to the water to keep the plants growing actively. This is a gardening method that is changing the world and how they grey plants and vegetables. This video talk about hydroponics and how you can grow crops such as lettuce fast and easy.
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Young people are making money by going back to farming
There is an emerging trend where many graduates are turning to agriculture as full time jobs as well as a side hustle.
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Tomato growing tips
The most frequent questions as noted during demo farm visits concern growing tomatoes properly and how to fix, or avoid, their associated problems.
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Greenhouse Tomato Farming – Striving to get here, 100% automated
This beautiful video (top agricultural products) shows blessings of emerging technologies.
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